立命館大学理工学部建築都市デザイン学科2020年度 卒業設計展 On-Line Ritsumeikan University Department of Architecture & Urban Design Thesis Design On-Line Exhibition

神処(こころど)の調律 Tuning of God lives ~An environmental learning facility that restores the balance of forests, people, and birds on Chikubu Island~

阪口元貴 SAKAGUCHI Motoki

作品コンセプト

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琵琶湖の北部に浮かぶ神が斎く神秘の島「竹生島」。花崗岩の島に常緑樹のタブノキが生え盛る深緑の美しい景観は古きから人々に愛され、信仰をされてきた。周辺地域は湖上交通を生活の中心とし、竹生島の森林資源を利用しながら、森林保全を行ってきた。しかしながら、陸上交通の発達により周辺地域民の生活様式が変わり、竹生島から人の生活が関与することがなくなってしまった。その結果、カワウの個体数が爆増し、カワウの営巣の影響により竹生島の樹木が枯れ死に森林が破壊されてしまった。これは森・人・鳥の関係性が崩壊したことにより招いた結果である。現在の人の生活様式を変えることは難しく、かつての三者の関係を保つことは容易ではない。そこで学習という新たな視点として竹生島に人を介入させ、新しい森・人・鳥の関係性で均衡を修復し、かつての深緑を取り戻し、後世に残していく環境学習施設を提案する。

"Chikubu Island" floaing in the northern part of Lake Biwa is a mysterious island where a god dwells. The beautiful deep green landscape of evergreen Machilus thunbergii on a granite island has been loved and worshiped by people since ancient times. In the surrounding area, lake transportation is the center of life, and forest conservation has been carried out while using the forest resources of Chikubu Island. However, due to the development of land transportation, the lifestyles of the local people have changed, and people's lives are no longer involved from Chikubu Island. As a result, the number of great cormorants exploded, and the trees on Chikubu Island died and the forests were destroyed due to the effects of nesting of great cormorants. This is a result of the collapse of the relationship between forests, people, and birds. It is difficult to change the lifestyle of today's people, and it is not easy to maintain the relationship of the former three parties. Therefore, as a new perspective of learning, we propose an environmental learning facility that intervenes people on Chikubu Island, restores the equilibrium with new relationships between forests, people, and birds, recover the former dark greenery, and leaves it for posterity.